Also known as Litchi chinensis, the lychee is a tropical fruiting tree that is categorized under the Sapindaceae family. The tree has different cultivars including the Black Leaves, the Concubine Smiles, the Jade Purse as well as the March Red. The top producers of the lychee fruit are China, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Bangladesh. Some states in the U.S. that have subtropical climates also produce the fruit include Florida and California. To cultivate the tree well, it is significant to have a background on the different lychee sizes.
The Sizes of Lychee
What are the average sizes of the lychee tree, flowers, fruits and leaves? The usual size of the tree is between 15 meters to 20 meters. The pinnate leaves of the tree are arranged alternately. The leaves have leaflets that measure five centimeters to 10 centimeters long. The length of the leaves is around 15 centimeters to 25 centimeters. The colors of the flowers can be yellowish white or greenish white. The flowers can grow up to 30 centimeters. The fruit has a length of three centimeters to four centimeters. The diameter of the fruit is approximately three centimeters. Each fruit has a seed, which has a diameter of 1.5 centimeter and a length of two centimeters.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
The lychee fruit has high content of vitamin C. The other minerals that are present in this fruit are magnesium, calcium and phosphorus. In addition to these, lychees are also rich in dietary fiber, which aids in proper digestion.
The fruit contains flavonoids that inhibit cancer cell growth in our body. The pulp of the fruit contains special compounds that prevent the development or etiology of breast cancer. Because of the high content of vitamin C, the fruit is helpful in boosting the body’s immune system and fighting against different bone, skin and heart diseases. The other medical conditions that can be treated by the regular intake of the fruit are fevers, colds as well as sore throats.
To grow the plant successfully, it is necessary to cultivate it in a place with temperate climate as well as direct sunlight. It is also essential to ensure that the pH level of the soil is around 6.5. To stimulate the growth of the roots, it is important to water the plant frequently. After three months of planting the tree, graft or remove some of the branches to stimulate the growth of the plant. Do not forget to harvest the fruits before frost.