A female reproductive organ that is responsible for producing ovum, the ovary secretes progesterone as well as estrogen. The ovaries have various parts, which include the ovarian artery, ovarian vein, ovarian plexus as well as the lumbar lymph nodes. The body parts can be found in the pelvis’ lateral wall known as the ovarian fossa. The ovarian ligaments connect the ovaries to the uterus’ outer layer. In order to learn more about this subject, let us look at the ovaries dimensions.
The Dimensions of Ovaries
What is the size of an ovary? The approximate length of this organ is 3 centimeters while the width and the height is the same, measuring 1.5 centimeters. After menopausal period and before puberty, the dimensions of the ovary is decreased. The length is estimated to be 1.5 centimeters during these periods. Females have two ovaries and these parts take turns in producing as well as releasing eggs in a month. In case, one of the ovaries is dysfunctional, the functional organ will continue to produce eggs.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
The ovary has two extremities known as the tubal extremity and the uterine extremity. The tubal extremity is attached to the uterine tube while the uterine extremity is connected to the uterus through a ligament. When it comes to histology, there are different types of cells present in the ovary like the follicular cells, granulosa cells, gametes, tunica albuginea, germinal epithelium, ovarian follicles as well as the stroma.
The size of the reproductive organ can be affected by the development of various diseases like ovarian cancer and hypogonadism. From time to time, the size of this organ changes. When a female ovulates, the size of an ovary usually decreases and returns to its normal size after ovulation.
Aside from diseases and ovulation, another factor that affects the size of the ovary is age. In the early years of child bearing years, the ovaries usually have increased size. Menopause decreases the size of this organ. In addition to these factors, ovary stimulation affects the dimensions of ovaries.
The estrogen, one of the two types of hormones secreted by the ovaries, is responsible for the maturation of the organ during puberty. Additionally, the hormone also maintains the mature functional state of the reproductive organ. On the other hand, the progesterone promotes the endometrium’s cyclic changes. This hormone is very important for the preparation and maintenance of the endometrium for pregnancy. The two hormones are essential to do the two most significant functions of ovaries involving the menstrual cycle as well as pregnancy.