Cherry trees are trees that belong to genus Prunus and bear sweet or sour fruits. Sour cherries have higher vitamin C and lower calories than sweet cherries. However, sweet cherries have higher beta-carotene content than sour cherries. One of the most popular varieties of sour cherries is the Montgomery. The famous types of sweet cherries include the Bing, Lambert, Rainer and the Royal Ann. Cherries are usually eaten fresh but these can also be used to make jams. Additionally, the fruits can also be used as ingredients in dishes as well as desserts. To know more about this species, it is best to start with identifying the cherry sizes.
The Sizes of Cherry
The height of cherry trees ranges from six feet to 30 feet. Few varieties of cherries grow like shrubs. The length of the leaves of the trees is around two to six inches. The color of the bark of the trees is reddish brown. In addition, there are unique markings found on the bark of cherries. The markings are known as lenticels. Every fall, the color of the leaves changes into oranges, pinks or brilliant reds. Cherry trees are commonly grown in Europe, Asia and North America. Some varieties of the trees are also cultivated in the northern part of Africa.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
Many people eat cherries because the fruits are rich in antioxidants, which are helpful to prevent the etiology of cancer. The antioxidant strength in these fruits is determined in terms of the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (also known as ORAC) units. Dried fruits have 6,800 ORAC units while the juice concentrate have 12,800 ORAC units. Frozen fruits have 2,033 ORAC units and canned fruits have 1,700 ORAC units.
In addition to antioxidants, the fruits are also helpful in treating inflammation and arthritis pain. A study conducted by the Oregon Health and Science University found that the fruits can decrease and eventually treat muscle pain because cherries have anthocyanins.
Another health benefit from the cherries is that the fruits can put you to sleep. Additionally, the fruits are helpful in easing jet lags. A study led by University of Granada professor Russel J. Reiter proved that the fruits delay the development of signs of aging. Cherries have melatonin, which is important to slow the process of aging. Finally, the fruits have nutrients as well as vitamins that are essential to decrease the risk of heart disease and obesity.