Adze Sizes

Adze dimensions are often determined by the head length and the cutting edge. Some heads are 8 inches long while others are 9 inches long. The cutting edge length also varies, but 3-3/8 inches and 4-2/8 inches are not uncommon.

What is the Adze?

The adze is a tool used for shaping wood. It is made up of a curved blade. This is perpendicularly set on a haft or handle. The ways to use the tool will depend on the type. These include shaping wood shingles and hollowing canoes. Aside from the regular adzes, there are plain adze blades which can be set on hafts and handles.

One of the most common ways to use the adze is as an overhead utility. The individual stands on the object that will be worked on. The adze is swung from behind their back and into the object.

The method is most effective for hollowing canoes and shaping poles. The adze dimensions determine how they will be used. The smaller adzes are used for finer projects and tasks. The smaller adzes are ideal for more detailed work.


There are many kinds of adze available. The carpenter’s adze is constructed for overhead use and is extremely heavy. The shipwright’s adze is lighter and is used by woodworkers and coopers. These are ideal for smaller projects.

Those who excel in using the adze can smooth out even rough wood. There are also some adzes with a pick on one side and a blade on the other. These types of adzes are often used by mountain climbers. Because these adzes can go through ice easily, climbers often carry these adzes or variants of it.

Adzes are made up of different materials, but most of the modern ones are made of steel. The advantage is they are rust resistant.

Using the Adze

As stated earlier you just have to straddle the object and swing the adze. This proper stroke should have the head heading between your legs.

Make sure there is a follow through with the swing so you will get the maximum benefits. The adze head must scarcely skim the surface. It should only lift thin chips. Now you just have to remove the overlapping chips off the surface.

The adze dimensions and features determine how the tool will shape the wood. However, the way you use the tool is equally important. For this reason, you should spend some time practicing with it.

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