A tree that belongs to the Pyrus genus, the pear usually grows in areas with cold temperature. The term pear is also used to refer to the nutritious fruit of the tree. The tree has different primary species as well as major subspecies, which include the Chinese white pear, the Callery pear, the Algerian pear, the Plymouth pear and the snow pear. The fruit has various culinary uses. It can be consumed fresh or it can be dried. The wood from the tree is very useful for making music instruments. Before we continue with the uses of the fruit, let us look at the usual pear sizes.
The Sizes of Pear
A pear tree can reach the height of 10 to 17 meters. The leaves of the tree are glossy green and are arranged alternately. The usual length of the leaves is 2 to 12 centimeters. Most pears can withstand the temperatures between -25 and -45 degrees Celsius. The diameter of the flowers ranges from 2 to 4 centimeters. The fruits are usually 18 centimeters long as well as 8 centimeters wide. The diameter of the fruits is around 1 to 4 centimeters.
Additional Information and Other Important Details
The fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals like vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E1, potassium and copper. When compared to other fruits, the pear is less allergenic. The fruit is also rich in carbohydrates because it contains sugars and dietary fiber. It is commonly eaten by patients suffering from various illnesses including gout, mucuous membrane inflammation, chronic gallbladder disorders, colitis and arthritis. The fruit is also helpful in treating high blood pressure as well as controlling the levels of blood cholesterol. Above all, the fruit is recommended to people who suffer from acute and chronic constipation.
Growing pears is easy for people living in areas with cold temperature. The trees can be grown by sowing the seeds. To stimulate the growth of the trees, gardeners can graft pears after several months of planting. The flowers of the trees can be cross-bred. After a year of sowing the seeds, pears start to bear fruits.
Autumn as well as summer pears should be harvested before the fruits become fully ripe. To ensure that the tree will bear numerous fruits, it is best to have knowledge on plant diseases that usually affect pears. Bacterial diseases that are common among pear trees are fire blight and crown gall. The trees can also suffer from fungal diseases such as the gray mold rot and the powdery mildew.